Lying a mere 6 degrees below the equator, Tanzania is blessed with a tropical climate and boasts some 1,000 or so km of Indian Ocean coastline dotted with tropical island paradises, Mount Kilimanjaro, the active volcano of Ol Donyo Lengai, deserts, tropical rain forests, pristine lakes and mountain ranges, cool highlands, some of the top African wildlife areas in the world, and, with over 120 different tribes, plenty of culture and history.
The annual migration of some 1.5 million or so Wildebeest and Zebra through the Serengeti Plains is one of the world's largest concentration and migration of large mammals. Lions, Elephant, Leopard, African Buffalo, Kudu, Eland, Gerenuk, Giraffe, Warthog, Chimpanzee and countless other animals make Tanzania world famous for its wildlife. Several mountains, including the iconic Mount Kilimanjaro, offer some of the best hiking in Africa. The Zanzibar Archipelago and its historic Stone Town, that ruled East Africa from as far north at Lamu in Kenya and Sofala in Mozambique, offers a glimpse of bygone times of Swahili culture.
Tanzania is well established in the world travel circuit and despite its more famous attractions, it still offers plenty to explore that is off the beaten track. From luxury safaris to budget travel, Tanzania has something for every adventurer at heart.
Region: Eastern Africa
Population: 55.2 million
Capital City: Dodoma
Climate: Humid on the coast and more temperate in the elevated parts of the country in the north-east and south-west
Official language: Swahili
Tourist arrivals at national borders: 1.1 million (2014)
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
Land Area: 945,087 km2